The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime #UNODC has published a report on operations and misuse of the Hawala system.
The report provides information on:
➡️ The Regulatory framework for hawala service providers;
➡️ Who uses hawala and why?;
➡️ The hawala system in operation;
➡️ Hawala and organized crime;
➡️ Hawala and opiate trafficking, migrant smuggling, and contemporary issues; and
➡️ Policy considerations and pathways for future research.
Firms can view the UNODC report to gain insights into hawala as a money or value transfer service and its relation to financial crime.